Al-Mahdi Journal

The Koran, The Time and The Space
Professor Ibrahim El Araby

Before I knew it my non-Moslem but close friend was in front of me after he has just hung up the phone.  He was red of the face and protruded of the eye and fury exuded from every cell of his fevered body. 'No I am not finishing this book, you wasted my time.' He said and handed me a copy of  'the translation of the Holy Koran' which I gave him to read. 'I am giving your Koran back'.  With a calculated smile I said: 'first of all this is not my Koran it is Almighty God's. But before we discuss it that worries you just relax'. Time has taught me not to meat fury with fury and that fury shuts brains and kills hearts. And momentarily came before of my mind's eye the following Sura:

"O Messenger, it is great mercy of God  that you are very gentle and lenient towards them, for had you been harsh and hard hearted, they would all have broken away from you" 3:159

He asked for a glass of alcohol but because I do not drink it and I don't bye it I offered him a glass of lemon juice which did him the required relaxing effect and I asked him: 'so what is wrong?'. He opened the Book at two marked pages and said: look at two Suras one say the day is equal to 50000 years and the other say it is equal to 1000 years, so which is correct unless you say it is a printing error'. I took the Book and read the following Suras:

In The Name of God Most Gracious Most Merciful

              "The Angels and The Spirits ascend unto Him is a Day , the measure whereof is  (as) fifty thousand years" sura 70:4
               "He rules (all) affairs from the Heavens to the  earth: in the end will (all affairs go up to Him in a Day the space whereof will be (as) a thousand years of your reckoning". Sura 32:5

And I said : 'no this is not a printing error, and I assure you every print of the Holy Koran is revised by hundreds of authorities before issuing it'.  'In this case you will have to explain to me this contradiction', he immediately said.  I smiled and gave him time to finish his lemon juice then explained: 'you know that distance is measured by kilometers or by time'.  Impatiently he said: 'but how? And stop playing with words and twisting them to suit your purpose'. I ignored the remark reckoning it was surely friendly. 'Very simple' I said. 'you say the distance between Alexandria and Cairo is 200 km. or  you say it is two hours. Of course then you mean two hours driving in the regular allowable speed'. He put the empty glass on the side table as he realized that he was still firmly holding it and it was about to break by his firm grip. He moved slightly in his chair and asked: 'but what has this to do with our issue?'.  I could not hide my anger and my face reddened a bit in spite of my cool nature and said: 'are you going to interrupt my every word?'. And I continued without waiting for a response: 'in olden days people would sail from America to Europe in about three months i.e. 90 days, now they fly in one day. So one day 'distance' now is like 90 days 'distance' before if you know what I mean'.  He moved his lips but did not utter a word and I continued: 'what God wants us to know in the first Sura is that angels go from earth to the spot nominated in 'one day' what would take 50000 years by your earthly speed or velocity'. My friend stood up and walked to the end of the room and came back and seemed mentally calculating and asked: 'but what is this Earth speed?' I said: 'as you know for a day to pass Earth rotates around itself 40070 km. which is Earth's circumference at its equator. So the distance time relation of earth is 40070 km/day'. 'You are right' he said. And without giving him a chance to interrupt me more I continued: 'with a simple calculation we can say that with Earth's velocity the distance taking 50000 years would be:

                The distance = 50000 x 365.25x 40070  = 731778375000  km.

as this distance is taken by Angels and Spirit in only one Earthly Day i.e. 24 hour we can calculate their speed or velocity per second as follows:
               Velocity = 731778375000 / (24 x 60 x 60) =  8469657.12 km/sec

'Of course this is a mega velocity by our standards but should be normal for Almighty God's creations of light such as angels and spirits. He Causes what He desires'. My friend appeared as if hypnotized with staring eyes and gaping mouth and as if unable to talk but before I continued he jerked the words ' that was for the first sura, what about the second'. 'as simple as the first' I continued 'except with a different velocity  and a different distance and different destination',  and I started the calculating:

          The distance = 1000 x 365.25 x 40070 =  14635567500 km
          The velocity =  14635567500 / (24 x 60 x 60) =  169393.14 km / sec

'mind you this is very close to light speed. My friend was gazing and to me he seemed meditating rather than calculating but he suddenly said: I can buy that. In this era of the 21st century and the femtosecond time scale of Ahmed Zewail all this is understandable. I agreed and said: "you are very right. In this era of the ultra fast dynamics such speed is understandable and un-debatable. And  of course it required a new time scales and femtosecond is only one of them". And I continued: "Femtosecond in one millionths of a nanosecond or 10-15 of a second which is the measurement sometimes used in laser technology. And for comparison, a millisecond is one thousandth of a second and is commonly used in measuring the time to read to or to write from a hard disk or a CD-ROM player or to measure packet travel on the internet. And there are more. A microsecond is one millionth 10-6 of a second. A nanosecond is one billionth 10-9 of a second

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