Part one of two short articles answering questions, that are often heard, which seek to cause doubts in the hearts of the believers about the authenticity and perfection of the Holy Qu'ran.
Question 1: 10:92 Mentions that Pharaon was saved then 17:103 says they all drowned…
10:92 But this day We save thee in thy body that thou mayst be a portent for those after thee. Lo! most of mankind are heedless of Our portents.
The words; "Nun jika bibadanika" means we will save your body , as a sign for others. Pharaoh was drowned but his dying repentance caused Allah (swt) to save his body from total destruction in the sea. The word "badn" used here is just the body and not the whole living being. This preservation was to remind man of the reward for oppression and disobedience to Allah (swt).
Question 2: 37:145 mentions that Jonah (Yunus) was cast off on the desert shore. But 68:49 says he wasn"t.
37:145 But We cast him forth on the naked shore in a state of sickness,
68:49 Had not Grace from his Lord reached him, he would indeed have been cast off on the naked shore, in disgrace.
68:49 does not say that Hadhrat Yunus was not cast upon the shore but that he was not cast there in disgrace! The casting upon the shore was not a punishment but a way of training the prophet Yunus (as).
Question 3: Verse 4:11-12 does not add up. A man dies, leaves behind his father, mother, wife and 2 daughters. According to the verse, the estate is divided as 1/6 for the father, 1/6 for the mother, 2/3 for the daughters, 1/8 for the wife. Which adds up to more than the available estate: 1/6+1/6+2/3+1/8 = 27/24?
4:11 Allah (thus) directs you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased Left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases ('s) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by Allah. and Allah is All-knowing, All-wise.
4:12. In what your wives leave, your share is a half, if they leave no child; but if they leave a child, ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what ye leave, their share is a fourth, if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child, they get an eighth; after payment of legacies and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question, has left neither ascendants nor descendants, but has left a brother or a sister, each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two, they share in a third; after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to any one). Thus is it ordained by Allah. and Allah is All-knowing, Most Forbearing.
These are treated as fractions only when the division of inheritance is simple. In all other cases we turn to the explanations given by Ahadith. The method taught by the Prophet (saw) to some of his companions was to use them as proportions in a prescribed formula. He (saw) also specified shares for degrees of relationship not mentioned in the Holy Qur'an. There is no contradiction in these amounts for mathematicians. Specialist